The LARKIN CLAN Site


Larkins in Australia

The first possibility we think of in relation to Australia are those misfortunate people transported to the penal colonies over almost 100 year period up to 1868. Transportation of convicts started in 1788, immediately after the loss of the American colonies obliged Britain to search elsewhere for suitable penal sites. A total of 160,151 convicts were transported over that period. We are aware of fourteen Larkin family members from County Galway, who were transported to Australia. The felonies for which they were transported are grim reminders of the time they lived in - most were sentenced to 7 years transportation half-way round the world; usually for killing cattle to feed their families. All around them, the population was starving. The fourteen include a family of 4 brothers, sentenced to 10 years transportation for killing a cow. This deed took place at the height of the famine period, in early 1848. Their trial took place in Galway on July 2nd, 1849. They were incarcerated under dreadful conditions in Spike Island Jail, which is located on an island within the estuary of the river Lee in Cork. They had to wait for almost 2 years for the next convict ship, and in the interim period, two of the brothers died. The four men were Tardy (Timothy), Thomas, John and Patrick Larkin. Patrick died in Spike Island in 1850; Tardy died in July 15th 1850 and John and Thomas were transported during 1851 on the ship Blenheim. I am aware that some descendants of Thomas Larkin are still thriving in Australia. See the full list of LARKIN convicts given below - this includes not only the Galway Larkins, but those from all of Ireland and Britain as well. It is comprehensive, and covers the period from 1788 to 1868 inclusive. Amongst those listed are Hugh Larkin, the hero of "The Great Shame". The list has been compiled from source materials in the National Library of Ireland, and in the Australian State Archives in New South Wales and Western Australia. 

Of course, the transported were only a very tiny minority of the numbers who went to find a new life in Australia. Not all the stories are so grim! Presumable, some of the early victims of the transportation policy were able to advise friends, family and neighbors at home that things were not so bad out there after all. Many decided to stay on after their term was complete; families came to join them there; and often, that became very extended families. The earliest Irish settlers found themselves in Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land) or in New South Wales, the location of the first penal colonies. Western Australia was added at a later date, especially around Fremantle. Considerable immigration to Queensland followed still later, impetus being added by one or other of the gold rush fevers..

Today, upwards of 15% of the population of Australia claim Irish descent.


 

Ref No

Family

Forename

Age

Occupation

SHIP

Charge

Sentence

Comments

Year

Birth Place:

State:

Ref:

1

HUBBARD

Alfred D.

1833

Labourer

PYRENEES

Manchester

Larkin Catherine (Clancey) m. Guildford

Hubberd Ann (Larkin) m. Feb 1863 Perth RC    

1851

 

WA

Aus Lib

2

LARKIN

Andrew

22

Boatman

LADY MCNAUGHTEN

 

 

 

1835

Offaly

NSW

Aus Lib

3

LARKIN

Bridget

19

Kitchen maid

MARGARET 3

Receiving Stolen Goods

7 years

 

1840

Limerick

NSW 

Aus Lib

4

LARKIN

Bridget

 

 

J. W. DARE

Stealing a Cow

7 years

AKA Kelly

1851

Kildare

 

NLI

5

LARKIN

Brigid

 

 

LORD SIDMOUTH

Woolich

 

 

1823

Cumberland

NSW

NLI

6

LARKIN

Bryan

16

Errand Boy

WATERLOO

Stealing sacks & a goose

7 years

 

1836

Dublin

NSW

Aus Lib

7

LARKIN

Cath

 

 

 

Larceny

7 years

 

1849

Galway

 

NLI

8

LARKIN

Catherine

 

 

BROTHERS

 

 

 

1827

Cavan

NSW

NLI

9

LARKIN

Denis

1818

 

 

Larceny

7 years

 

1845

Laois

 

NLI

10

LARKIN

Edmond

36

 

 

Rape

7 years

 

1854

Kilkenny

 

NLI

11

LARKIN

Elizabeth

1825

 

 

Larceny

7 years

 

1848

Offaly

 

NLI

12

LARKIN

Francis

21

Labourer, smith

PEKOE

Robbery

15 years

 

1840

Longford

NSW   

Aus Lib

13

LARKIN

Francis

 

 

 

Larceny

7 years

 

 

Roscommon

 

NLI

14

BAKER

George L

1826

Gardener

SULTANA

Bury St. Edmunds

 

 

1856

 

WA

NLI

15

LARKIN

Hugh

 

 

 

Threatening Landlord

Life

Hero of "The Great Shame"

1840

Galway

 

NLI

16

LARKIN

James

23

Butcher

WAVERLEY 1

Assault & Robbery

7 years

 

1839

Waterford

NSW    

Aus Lib

17

LARKIN

James

19

 

 

Stealing Lead

7 years

 

1852

Fermanagh

 

NLI

18

LARKIN

James

20

 

MEDWAY

Assaulting Habitation

14 years

 

1847

Tipperary

 

NLI

19

LARKIN

James

26

 

 

Murder

Death

d. 25/8/1847

Kilkenny

 

NLI

20

LARKIN

James

28

 

 

Malicious Assault

7 years

 

 

Offaly

 

NLI

21

LARKIN

John

27

Labourer

HEBER

Larceny

7 years

 

1837

Laois

NSW

Aus Lib

22

LARKIN

John

18

Warehouse boy

ENGLAND 2

 

 

 

1835

London

NSW  

Aus Lib

23

LARKIN

John

14

 

 

Stealing a Coat

7 years

 

1841

Dublin

 

NLI

24

LARKIN

John

 

 

 

Killing a Cow

10 Years

 

1849

Galway

 

NLI

25

LARKIN

John

30

 

CALCUTTA

Stealing Sheep

Life

 

1837

Kildare

 

NLI

26

LARKIN

John

1817

 

 

 

Life

AKA Mitchel

1832

Galway

 

NLI

27

LARKIN

John

 

 

 

Stealing a Box

7 years

 

1836

Laois

 

NLI

28

LARKIN

Joseph

1823

File cutler & smith

PYRENEES

Sheffield

 

 

1848

 

WA 

Aus Lib

29

LARKIN

Joseph

67

 

 

Fraud

7 years

 

1843

Offaly

 

NLI

30

LARKIN

Joseph

23

 

ROYAL ADMIRAL 2

Lancaster

 

 

1800

 

NSW

Aus Lib

31

LARKIN

Kyron

30

Groom soldier

CLYDE 2

 

 

 

1838

Offaly

NSW  

Aus Lib

32

LARKIN

Malachy

1833

 

 

Stealing

7 years

Discharged 1856

1853

Kilkenny

 

NLI

33

LARKIN

Margaret

21

Nursemaid

BROTHERS

Clonmel

 

 

1827

Galway

NSW 

Aus Lib

34

LARKIN

Margaret

30

 

JOHN CALVIN

Larceny

7 years

 

1848

Galway

 

NLI

35

LARKIN

Margaret

 

 

WOODMAN

 

 

 

1823

Tipperary

NSW

NLI

36

LARKIN

Martin

 

 

 

Receiving Stolen Goods

7 years

 

1853

Limerick

 

NLI

37

LARKIN

Mary

27

Country servant

DIAMOND

Larceny

7 years

AKA Sullivan

1838

Kerry

NSW

Aus Lib

38

LARKIN

Mary

34

 

 

Larceny

7 years

 

1836

Offaly

 

NLI

39

LARKIN

Mat

21

 

HYDERABAD

Larceny

7 years

 

1847

Westmeath

 

NLI

40

LARKIN

Michael

 

 

 

Stealing a Cow

7 years

died in Jail

1851

Clare

 

NLI

41

LARKIN

Owen

17

 

MEDWAY

Stealing Sheep

10 Years

 

1847

Roscommon

 

NLI

42

LARKIN

Patrick

24

Farm servant

LADY MCNAUGHTEN

 

 

 

1835

Wexford Co

NSW 

Aus Lib

43

LARKIN

Patrick

20

 

 

Burglary

Life

 

1842

Dublin

 

NLI

44

LARKIN

Patrick

13

 

 

Theft

7 years

 

1833

Galway

 

NLI

45

LARKIN

Patrick

1817

 

 

Killing a Cow

10 Years

died in Jail

1851

Galway

 

NLI

46

LARKIN

Patrick

42

 

 

Stealing a Cow

7 years

died in Jail

1854

Offaly

 

NLI

47

LARKIN

Patrick

42

 

BLENHEIM

Killing a Cow

7 years

 

1848

Offaly

 

NLI

48

LARKIN

Peter

1789

 

 

Stealing a Cow

 

 

1849

Galway

 

NLI

49

LARKIN

Sarah

 

 

ARCHDUKE CHARLES

 

 

 

1813

Louth

NSW

NLI

50

LARKIN

Stephan

18

Gardener

ROBERT SMALL

 

 

 

1850

Co Galway

WA 

Aus Lib

51

LARKIN

Stephan

18

 

ROBERT SMALL

Stealing a Cow

10 Years

 

1853

Galway

 

NLI

52

LARKIN

Tardy

 

 

 

Killing a Cow

10 Years

died in Jail

1852

Galway

 

NLI

53

LARKIN

Thomas

1832

Labourer

SEA PARK

Liverpool

 

Larkin Patrick & Ann (Teed) parents. Records show 1870 M 6 chn

1850

 

WA

Aus Lib

54

LARKIN

Thomas

 

 

 

Stealing Wool

10 Years

died in Jail

1853

Galway

 

NLI

55

LARKIN

Thomas

 

 

BLENHEIM

Killing a Cow

10 Years

 

1851

Galway

 

NLI

56

LARKIN

Thomas

26

 

 

Assault

7 years

 

 

Offaly

 

NLI

57

LARKIN

Thomas

31

 

 

Burglary

10 Years

Discharged 1851

1851

Laois

 

NLI

58

LARKIN

Valentine

21

Labourer

PEKOE

Larceny

7 years

 

1840

Galway

NSW

Aus Lib

59

LARKIN

William

1834

Sailor

RUNNYMEDE

Liverpool

 

 

1855

 

WA  

Aus Lib

60

LARKIN

William

15

 

 

Larceny

7 years

 

1845

Dublin

 

NLI

61

LARKIN

Winford

 

 

 

Petitioner

 

Mother of Patrick (No. 44)

1808

Galway

 

NLI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Copyright © 2008 Pádraic Ó Lorcáin. All rights reserved.
Revised: 28 Jan 2009 10:43:57.

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